POLICY IMPLICATIONS

By Amy Pieterse, Ané Bruwer, Elsona van Huyssteen, Sasha Naidoo & Tirisha Thambiran

Climate change adaptation exists in a complex policy environment in South Africa. There are various levels and scales at which climate change adaptation research and response relates to policy. Here we provide some information on the international context against which South Africa is obliged to respond as a country in terms of adapting to climate change, as well the involvement of local government in international climate change initiatives which facilitate the implementation and achievement of effective responses.

The role of the Green Book in this policy context is to provide implementation support and to promote legislative and policy compliance, by providing an evidence base to conduct risk and vulnerability assessments and climate change response plans on local, provincial and national level.

Climate change adaptation exists within a complex policy environment in South Africa. There are various levels and scales at which climate change adaptation research and responses relate to policy. Here we provide some information on the international context to which South Africa is obliged to respond as a country in terms of adapting to climate change, as well the involvement of local government in international climate change initiatives which facilitate the implementation and achievement of effective responses. The role of the Green Book in this policy context is to provide implementation support and to promote legislative and policy compliance, by providing an evidence base to conduct risk and vulnerability assessments and climate change response plans on local, provincial and national levels.

The Green Book supports the following policy and legislation in the following ways:

Climate Change Bill, 2018

While the Green Book focuses on the human settlements sector, it also provides support to other sectors, specifically as they relate to settlements and their functioning. The Green Book also supports adaptation planning, risk and vulnerability assessments, and mainstreaming for all the spheres of government, and can support capacity building as well.

National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, 2018

The Green Book can support provincial and local climate change response assessments and implementation by providing risk and vulnerability profiles, appropriate adaptation actions, and information that can be used to prioritise areas most at risk.

Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013

The Act requires municipalities to prepare spatial development frameworks that, among other things, “identify the long term risks of particular spatial patterns of growth and development and the policies and strategies necessary to mitigate those risks”. The Green Book can support compliance with the Act by providing risk profiles and appropriate adaptation actions that can, in turn, be mainstreamed into spatial development frameworks. The mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into spatial and developmental plans is promoted by a number of national policies and legislation.

Disaster Management Act, 2002 +

The Green Book can support compliance to the Act by providing information that can be used to expand municipal disaster management plans to include risk assessments and risk mapping for functional areas and for areas with vulnerable populations, and also by providing adaptation actions to reduce these risks.

Project finance

Project manager

Willemien van Niekerk

Willemien van Niekerk

Alize le Roux

Technical coordinator

Amy Pieterse

Project coordinator

Gerbrand Mans

Sibusisiwe Makhanya

Project monitoring and evaluation

THE CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION POLICY SPACE

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS & TARGETS
+

UNFCCC Paris Agreement
Sendai Framework
New Urban Agenda
Sustainable Development Goals

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS & TARGETS
+

UNFCCC Paris Agreement
Sendai Framework
New Urban Agenda
Sustainable Development Goals

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS & TARGETS
+

UNFCCC Paris Agreement
Sendai Framework
New Urban Agenda
Sustainable Development Goals

INTERNATIONAL
AGREEMENTS &
TARGETS

REGIONAL
COOPERATION

NATIONAL
STRATEGIES &
PRIORITIES

SECTORAL
POLICIES

PROVINCIAL &
LOCAL
PLANNING

IMPLEMENTATION
SUPPORT

NSDF

NDP

UNFCCC
Paris Agreement

Sustainable Development Goals

New Urban
Agenda

Sendai
Framework

COMESA

SADC

MTSF

NCCRP

Climate Change
Bill

NCAAS

Human
Settlements

Water

Health

DRR &
Management

Agriculture &
Forestry

Biodiversity & Ecosystems

PSDF

PODS

IDP

SDF

Climate Change
Response Plan

Local & Provincial
Sectoral Plans

GreenBook

LGOCSP (DEA)

CCA Training
Programme (DRDLR)

SARVA

INTERNATIONAL POLICY
CONTEXT
+
REGIONAL
CONTEXT
+
LOCAL
CONTEXT
+

REFERENCES

Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA). 2013. Long-Term Adaptation Scenarios Flagship Research Programme (LTAS) for South Africa. Department of Environmental Affairs: Pretoria.

Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA). 2014. Climate Change Adaptation: Perspectives on Urban, Rural and Coastal Human Settlements in South Africa. Report No.4 for the Long Term Adaptation Scenarios Flagship Research Program (LTAS).

Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA). 2017. Draft Third National Communication on Climate Change Report to the UNFCCC. Published for public comment. Department of Environmental Affairs, Pretoria.

Habitat III. 2016. The New Urban Agenda Explainer. http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/New-Urban-Agenda Explainer_FInal.pdf

Habitat III-SA. 2016. South Africa’s Report to the ThirdUnited Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III). ISBN978-0-620-63626-1. http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/South Africa_1.pdf

Lesolle, D. 2012. SADC Policy paper on climate change: Assessing policy options for SADC member states. www.sadc.int/REDD/index.php/download_file/134/

National Planning Commission of South Africa (NPC). 2012. National Development Plan 2030: Our future - Make it work. The Presidency

Pieterse, A., van Niekerk, W. & du Toit, J. Forthcoming. ‘Creating resilient settlements through climate change adaptation planning’, Conference Proceedings: Planning Africa Conference 2018, South African Planning Institute. 15 – 17 October 2018, Cape Town

SADC-CNGO and FES. 2011. Climate change effects in Africa. SADC-CNGO Policy Paper Series – Regional Policy Paper 5. Southern African Development Community Council of Non-Governmental Organisations SADC-CNGO and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), Botswana Office. http://www.fes.de/afrika/content/downloads/Final_FULL_BOOK.pdf

Southern African Development Community (SADC). 2012. Regional Infrastructure Development
Master Plan.
https://www.sadc.int/themes/infrastructure/

Southern African Development Community (SADC). 2013. SADCREDD+ Network: SADC Programmes. http://www.sadc.int/REDD/index.php/regional-redd-activities/sadc-programmes

Southern African Development Community (SADC). 2016. Regional Strategic Action Plan onIntegrated Water Resources Development and Management PhaseIV, RSAP IV, Gaborone, Botswana

UNFCCC. 2015a. Historic Paris Agreement on Climate Change. http://newsroom.unfccc.int/unfccc-newsroom/finale-cop21/

UNFCCC. 2015b. Cities, Towns, Regions Partner to Achieve Paris Goals. http://newsroom.unfccc.int/climate-action/cities-towns-regions-partner-to-achieve-paris-goals/

Suggested citation:
Pieterse, A., Bruwer, A., van Huyssteen, E., Naidoo, S. & Thambiran, T. 2019.
Policy Implications. Green Book. www.greenbook.co.za/policyimplications